Since 2004, conservators at the Lab have been treating artifacts from Jamestown, Virginia, the first permanent English settlement in the New World. The archaeological collections in Jamestown were flooded by Hurricane Isabel in 2003 and the National Park Service contracted with the MAC Lab, on Jamestown’s behalf, to treat 34,000 (!) of the water-damaged artifacts. This iron canteen is one of 3,000 artifacts that remain to be treated here as part of the Jamestown Project. The location on the Jamestown property where the canteen was found had been occupied by both armies of the Civil War at different times between 1861 and 1865.